The issue of ecological transition requires the development of an energy system with new forms of sustainable generation and a set of enabling technologies, in addition to the waste reduction.

The Challenges

The Challenges FBK focuses on two of the main challenges facing ecological transition:

  • Developing solutions that will qualify hydrogen as an energy vector allowing for a profound and sustainable decarbonization: from production to storage, distribution and end uses, including sustainable mobility and industry;
  • Making energy from renewable electricity sources in distribution and transmission networks more flexible, through the use, among other things, of energy storage, such as flow or new generation batteries, or advanced management systems.



Technology and application fields

  • Green hydrogen by water electrolysis (low temperature) and vapor electrolysis (high temperature). The technology is composed of a series of technological elements consisting of stacks (sets of cells), Balance of Plant (elements for managing fuel, air, water, electricity) and the balance between the different components
  • Use of hydrogen in the heavy mobility sector: it involves the integration of storage tanks, fuel cells, batteries to manage peaks in electricity demand, an electric motor with related controls, solutions for vehicle safety
  • REDOX flow batteries: an emerging technology that allows the storage of electrical energy for stationary applications, with high efficiency processes.



  • CH2P/SWITCH (EU): Development of technology for the flexible production of hydrogen and electricity from solid oxide fuel cells using methane-rich blends
  • GREENERSYS (LG. 6 PAT): development of a new flow battery-related technology that provides for the storage of electricity for stationary applications to support the integration of renewable energy sources
  • STARDUST (EU): collaboration in a lighthouse project for the city of Trento, funded by a H2020 Smart Cities call. It involves the development of new energy, mobility and digitalization solutions for urban systems.
  • HYUSPRE (EU): a project investigating the possibility of a new use of the current natural gas basins as national energy reserves for future use with hydrogen.
  • SAPIENCE (EIT Climate KIC): through the implementation of Internet of Things (IoT) technologies in the fields to monitor agricultural practices, the project creates a system capable of encouraging and rewarding virtuous behaviors for an efficient and sustainable use of water in irrigation.